Malvern Panalytical Empyrean XRD

The Empyrean has focusing optics and parallel beam optics. It is used for powder/bulk XRD analysis, thin film analysis, pole figures, residual stress measurements, reflectivity, rocking curves, microdiffraction, and in situ high temperature work.


  • Pole figures
  • Residual stress
  • X-ray reflectivity
  • Rocking curves
  • Microdiffraction
  • High temperature (1600°C in air, vacuum, and inert environments)

Incident Beam

  • Fixed slits
  • X-ray mirror (with optical microbeam optics)
  • Polycapillary lens

Diffracted Beam

  • Parallel plate collimator (receiving slit and graphite monochromator optional)
  • Fixed Slits
  • Proportional Detector
  • 1Der Detector

Hot stages

  • Anton Paar 16N is a strip heater that can go to 1600°C in air, vacuum, and inert environments

X-ray source

  • Copper
  • Molybdenum

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